Italian philosopher, jurist, philologist, historian and master of rhetoric, Giambattista Vico, New Science for his book reads part of a large, philosophers, intellectuals and poets have been inspired directly. Romantic historian Jules Michelet, like many others, "Vico'dan I was born," he said. Ernst Cassirer, Vico'yu of myth and mythology, was declared the true discoverer. James Joyce, can not find the imaginations of others finds Vico'da. The German philosopher Wilhelm Dilthey New Science, is one of the greatest achievements of modern thought. Economist Joseph Schumpeter, Vico'yu "the greatest thinkers in the field of social sciences as" one saves. The German Romantics, Goethe, Herder, and Hamann have read the New Bilim. Coleridge, the first Englishman Vico'nun disseminates his ideas. Marx, Das Kapital Vico'yu discussed, Yeats, and concerned, at Vico. Sorokin, mentioned the Vico'yu; Hegel Vico'yu welcomed many names as Trotsky.
Giambattista Vico's philosophy of modern history, the first is the throne of the West. He is considered the founder of the philosophy of culture, philosophy and mythology. All of this work dedicated to the life of a great passion for language, poetry, aesthetics, law, education, politics, metaphysics, social, cultural issues the main route, a new exit point were counted. His ideas of pragmatism, tarihsicilik, such as existentialism and structuralism pioneered the movement.
Vico, as well as the nature that God created man in his own created world in a way that should be examined how society and culture on the world of thought. Döngüselci conception of history, history as to encounter a series of acts, each its own unique historical situation and the internal structure of the internal structure through the understanding of the historical life, mythological, philological, legal and religious aspects, and so many valuable ideas properly understand his legacy to us. Today, Vico not only philosophy, history or sociology, but the most fundamental points in all areas of social sciences in a more profound and not be deleted until you get a big left followed.
According to him, nature, consists of 3 main elements:
- Every nation has a religious,
- There are families on the basis of all societies,
- Information needed for the formation of community institutions, immortality of the soul
Vico, history has dedicated the 3 categories:
1. Age of the gods: Tayal power works, myths of the era under the influence.
2. The age of heroes: the community, the winner of the duel, and especially favored of God appointed him to protect other people think, is the era authority to be heroes.
3. People age: people want recognition of their rights granted to everyone, which is dominated era of tolerance.
*Constructivism, an art movement emerged in Russia in 1914. Painting, sculpture and architecture have been dominated by the Socialist Realism as the official attitude benimsenince disappeared, the proponents of a collapsed section to the west. In general, geometric composition, and adopts the idea of using contemporary malzameleri attitude. Appears on the October Revolution Konstrüktvizm, severed all links with the past, industrial materials and techniques in an attempt to glorify the formatting has been a. Tatlin'in emerged under the leadership of the first architectural design in this area were independent, with no sample has not been applied. But as the administrative center of the newspaper Pravda building, designed in particular, have made most impact in the development of konstrüktvist designs of Modern Architecture. Painting and sculpture are very efficient in the field of constructivism. Of the famous Constructivist A. Pevsner, N. Gabo, Kazimir Malevich, L. Moholy-Nagy, include names.